Newcastle upon Tyne Visitor information
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, often shortened to simply Newcastle, is a city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. Historically a part of the county of Northumberland, it is situated on the north bank of the River Tyne. The city developed in the area that was the location of the Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, although it owes its name to the castle, built in 1080 by Robert II, Duke of Normandy, who was the eldest son of William the Conqueror. Newcastle grew as an important centre for the wool trade and later became a major coal mining area. The port was developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the river, and was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. These industries have since experienced severe decline and closure, and the city today is largely a business and cultural centre, with a particular reputation for its vibrant nightlife.
Getting to Newcastle
Newcastle is situated on the north-east coast of England, about 280 miles (450 kms) north of London and has excellent road and national rail links.
- From London: options include driving or taking the train or bus. Trains leave regularly from London Kings Cross (enquiries: 08457484950; www.nationalrail.co.uk) and take approximately 3 hours. For buses, options include National Express, which take about 6 or 7 hours.
- From Newcastle airport: if travelling by car, it is around a 15 minute drive from the airport to the city center. Airport Taxis (Tel: +44(0)1912146969), the official taxi service for Newcastle International Airport, is a reliable and efficient service operating direct from Newcastle International. By Metro, the journey takes 25 minutes to reach Newcastle city centre. There are trains every 12 minutes from approximately 5.44am (Sundays 6.27am) to 11.58pm. By bus, Newcastle (Eldon Square) - Ponteland, Numbers: X77, X78, X79, Monday - Saturday, Bus stop located on B6918. Blyth - Newcastle International Airport- Kingston Park, Number: 101, Monday – Saturday, Bus stop located opposite airport terminal.
- Taxis: Taxis can be found at the Coach Station, and Newcastle Railway Station. Some taxi numbers: Radio Taxis, Tel: 0(044)1865 249743 or 242424 or ABC Taxis, Tel: 0(044)1865 770077.