Newcastle upon Tyne History

Newcastle upon Tyne

Situated on the north bank of the River Tyne, the city developed from a Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, but it owes its name to the castle built in 1080 by Robert II, the eldest son of William the Conqueror. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade and it later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the river, was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. These basic industries have now gone and the city is largely an administrative and cultural centre. Among its main icons are Newcastle Brown Ale, a leading brand of beer, Newcastle United F.C., a Premier League football team, and the Tyne Bridge. Since 1981, it has hosted the world's most popular half marathon, the Great North Run.